Thursday, August 31, 2017

How is a nuclear leak contained?

In addition to evacuating the area around the plant, it is necessary to cool the reactor immediately so that its shielding is patched

After evacuating the area, the reactor must be cooled down until a "patch" can be made in the affected structure.Otherwise, it would act like a sealed pressure cooker, which would explode. These were the measures taken by the Japanese to deal with the leak at the Fukushima plant, 250 km from Tokyo. The drama has occupied headlines worldwide since the March 11, 2011 earthquake affected the building and allowed the release of radioactive material into the atmosphere, threatening the population of Japan and nearby nations. The leak in Fukushima has released a radiation eight times greater than the maximum exposure suffered by plant workers in a year! In the vicinity of the plant, an unprotected hour could cause nausea and changes in blood cells. Some of the water used to cool Fukushima has returned, contaminated, to the sea. Another part was collected to be treated and isolated as radioactive waste.

1. In a nuclear power plant, the energy potential of uranium, plutonium, cesium, thorium or cobalt is used. When the atoms of the chemical element separate (nuclear fission), the energy heats the water around the reactor core. This generates steam, which causes the turbines to move. And the turning of the turbines is converted into energy by the generators

2. The Japanese earthquake affected water reservoirs, which help control uranium warming. The temperature rose sharply, melting the metal bars that concentrate the radioactive elements. This heat has damaged the plant's shielding layers, which serve to prevent leakage

3. In cases like this, the first measure is to vacate the contaminated area. The size of this area depends on the amount of material released into the air and the climatic conditions of each country - such as wind speed and direction. In Japan, the withdrawal of people began with a radius of 3 km and then rose to 20 km

4. The plants have teams prepared to act in emergency situations. Its equipment includes masks for air filtration and waterproof clothing, which prevents skin contamination. In addition, the radiation exposure time should be controlled in shifts of up to five hours daily
5. The first effective measure to contain the leak is to cool the reactor. The temperature of the water in contact with uranium must be below 100 ° C to interrupt the boiling process. That's why you throw more water into the reactor. In Japan, truck-barrels, pressure pumps and even helicopters were used

6. As long as the temperature is not controlled, it is impossible to "patch" the cracks in the shielding of the reactor. The repair is done with steel and concrete. But even so, the plant will never be able to function again due to the risk of new accidents. Radioactive material also can not be passed to another plant

The radioactive elements released into the atmosphere mix in the air, water and earth and are absorbed by man unnoticed. They can alter the structure of cells, destroying their nucleus and causing serious diseases such as: fibrosis in the lungs, pneumonia, bleeding in the stomach and bleeding in the intestine. Radiation also reduces the number of antibodies by up to 50%, which increases the risk of infections. There are some emergency treatments. Iodide tablets saturate the thyroid gland with natural iodine, preventing the particles from settling there and causing cancer. And the remedy known as prussian blue absorbs the radioactive element, causing it to be eliminated in feces and urine thyroid cancer.

In much smaller quantities than that released in nuclear accidents, radiation can be an ally of our health. It is used by radiotherapy, for example, to destroy cells from a cancerous tumor. On radiographs, bones absorb radiation and allow doctors to discover possible fractures. And in industries, it can be used to measure the flow rate of liquids and the thickness of materials.

The fury of the wind and the waters

The economic impact of the devastation caused by the tropical storm in Texas reaches 190 billion dollars

Hurricane Harvey - which reached Category 4, on a scale of up to 5 - lost steam after reaching the American coast in southern Texas on Friday 25, becoming a tropical storm. The damage, however, was monumental. It rained more in the state in a week than the historical average of a whole year. Numerous cities were underwater, including Houston, the most populous, with 2.3 million inhabitants. The economic impact of the devastation is estimated at $ 190 billion, more than the combined cost of Hurricanes Katrina in New Orleans in 2005 and Sandy in New York in 2012.

In humanitarian terms, Harvey has caused 38 deaths by Thursday 31, a high but far cry from Katrina's 1,833. Still, it produced equally staggering images, such as the patients older asylum La Vita Bella ( "The Beautiful Life" in Italian), in Dickinson, s ubmersas the murky floodwaters as they waited impassively at ransom. It is difficult to say whether the help was slow or the water rose very fast: at the beginning of the day, it was enough to only wet the feet of the people gathered in the living room.

5 things that are banned in North Korea

In the most closed country in the world you can not wear jeans, celebrate Christmas or talk with foreigners
The North Korea is ruled brutally by the dictator Kim Jong-un , who does not hesitate to imprison or condemn to death people who do not follow strictly all the rules of the regime. The routine of the population includes the worship of leaders, who must be revered several times a day and whenever one passes in front of one of the numerous images of the Kim family .

The most closed country in the world does not allow any political questioning, which is seen as treason and punishable by death. To ensure control of the people, North Korea filters all information from abroad and restricts to the maximum the interactions between local and foreign.

Some things have been changing. For example, women were banned from cycling in Pyongyang , but since Kim Jong-un came to power, this has been allowed. Demonstrations of affection in public until not long ago were non-existent. Today it is possible to see couples who go hand in hand in the capital and even kisses between lovers. "There is a very romantic place on the banks of the Taedongang River in the center of Pyongyang, where it was common to see couples kissing under a grove," says Brazil's former ambassador to North Korea, Roberto Colin , , who lived four years in the country.

Excess prohibitions and heavy state control in all spheres of people's private and professional life, however, are the rule in the country. Check out fifteen forbidden things in North Korea:

1. Fair or low-cut clothing. The dress code of the country is quite conservative and both men and women should wear demure clothes. Showing the navel in public can lead to arrest.

2. Bikini . In swimming pools and beaches, women are expected to wear only discreet swimsuits.

3. Jeans . Taken as a symbol of American imperialism, jeans are banned in the country. "It's a paradox: they do not wear jeans, but they drink Coca-Cola," says Colin.

4. Photography . The government strongly controls the country's image and, therefore, can not photograph anything without authorization. Foreigners often have equipment - machines and cell phones searched or seized while visiting the country.

5. Internet . Very few people in the military and government elite have access to the internet. The rest of the country - including tourists - can at most access a fully government-controlled intranet.

6. Religion . The country vetoes all religions and compels citizens to worship rulers as gods. Anyone caught praying or having a Bible can be sent to the labor camps or be executed.

 7.  Celebrate Christmas. With the veto of religions, it is also forbidden to celebrate religious dates, such as Christmas. In 2011, South Korea angered its neighbor to the north by putting together a huge 30-meter Christmas tree at the border between the two countries.

 8. Be happy when the country decrees mourning. On the anniversary of the death of Kim Il-sung , grandfather of Kim Jong-un and founder of the dynasty, it is strictly forbidden to smile, talk loudly, drink alcohol and dance.

9. Talk to strangers on the street. Tourists who watch the country are watched all the time and receive specific guidelines so that they do not talk to the locals. Even foreigners living in the country have to put their children in special schools and are prohibited from using unaccompanied public transport to avoid contact with local people.
10.  Connect to the outdoors. SIM (cellular) phone cards are blocked to avoid any contact with the outside.

11. Pornography. It is considered a crime in North Korea to own, consult or distribute any material with adult content. The vigilance is so great that one does not even talk about it. " It does not exist and it is so unthinkable that people do not even know it exists," says Roberto Colin.  

12. Have the name Kim Jong-un. A decree signed in 2011 by Kim Jong-il, the father of the current dictator, established that no one in North Korea could have the same name as his son.

13. Have a criminal relative . When a person commits a crime, the whole family is condemned. Parents, siblings, children, grandparents and uncles all are arrested and sentenced to forced labor - or executed - to pay for the crime of the relative. "This is an inheritance from the feudal age that begins to decline, but it still exists," says Colin.

14. Go through an image of the leaders without bowing. Statues and posters of members of the Kim family are present on every street in Pyongyang, and the regime watches closely if everyone performs the rituals of revering the image of the leaders.

15. Fold an image of leaders. Newspapers, for example, that are state-owned and stuffed with photos of Kim Jong-un, can not be folded. "In no case can this be done, for them it is heresy," explains the ambassador.

Italians fined for urinating on Cinque Terre sea

Young people will have to pay 3 thousand euros each for breach of decorum

Two Italians were fined three thousand euros after being caught peeing on the Vernazza sea pier, one of the cities belonging to the famous Cinque Terre area in Italy.

Last weekend, the young people attended a party in Monterosso and before returning home, late in the evening, they decided to urinate in the sea, in an isolated area on the fishermen's wharf.

The Italians, however, were surprised by the Carabinieri (Italian police) who applied the fine. "We thought we would not be seen, we did not know where to go." At that time the bars were almost all closed and we believed that urinating at sea was the most natural thing that could be done, "said the young people.

"When we read the fine - exactly three thousand euros for each one - we did not want to believe, but even more incredible was the motivation, which reports a breach of public decorum," they concluded.

Harvey weakens', but new hurricane forms

A new hurricane formed in the Atlantic Ocean and was classified in category 2, from a scale up to 5, with vines of 160 km / h.

 According to US experts, the phenomenon, called "Irma," could further damage Texas and the Gulf of Mexico, which were devastated by Hurricane Harvey, which hit the ground six days ago and was considered the The last decade. 

Financial Times': Trump debit with Deutsch Bank

Newspaper says German bank has lent money to several president's projects 

The Financial Times talks about the legal dispute between Donald Trump and Deutsche Bank, which began in late 2008 on account of a debt of the then businessman. 

According to the report, Trump, owner of a New York building, was trying to get rid of $ 40 million of personal guarantees he had provided for a $ 640 million loan to build Trump International Hotel & Tower in downtown Chicago. The Lehman Brothers crisis was an unimaginable event that ultimately affected the multimillionaire. 
The future president of the United States has had losses of $ 3 billion - because the Deutsche-led consortium of creditors allegedly participated in the group that contributed to destroy the world economy, points the Times.

The two sides sought for a time if they understood outside the court. And within a few years, Deutsche was again Trump's lender, continuing a decades-long relationship, even as other major banks abandoned the litigation-prone lender.

In June, Trump unveiled outstanding Deutsche loans of at least $ 130 million secured with real estate in Miami and Washington as well as the condominium in Chicago. The total is likely to be about $ 300 million, according to sources.

Friday, August 25, 2017

Macron needs more than makeup to be the new De Gaulle

Emmanuel Macron’s legendary luck has fallen foul of his “look”. The Elysée Palace admitted yesterday that France’s youngest leader since Napoleon spent €26,000 (£24,000) on “cosmetic services” in his first three months in office. Why, one wonders, does a 39-year-old president need to spend more than €250 a day on makeup and makeup artists? It is not as if Macron has made multiple appearances on television or in public.
Previous presidents spent far more on their hair and faces, the palace points out. Yes, but Nicolas Sarkozy and François Hollande got out more and gave more media interviews. Macron has been a rather unseen president – deliberately so. He set out in May to revive the Olympian conception of the French presidency devised by Charles de Gaulle. He wanted to differentiate himself from Sarkozy (too frantic) and Hollande (too chummy). He would be a Jupiterian president, in command but not responsible for “events, dear boy, events”. He would not appear at every helicopter crash (Sarko) or constantly pop up on the TV news 
This grandfatherly pose worked well for De Gaulle in his 70s but not for a step-grandfather still in his late 30s. Macron’s approval rating has fallen in three months to around 36% – further and faster than Donald Trump’s or those of any recent newly elected French president.

The makeup story may seem trivial in itself but it catches Macron on his weaker side. He was already dismissed by nonbelievers as a poseur, as a vain young man in a hurry rather than a pragmatic messiah capable of reforming France and rescuing Europe. The bill – mostly the cost of hiring hairdressers and makeup artists for his foreign visits – is modest compared with the beauty budget of a top actor or supermodel. All the same, a €250 a day bill for making-up a handsome young president is unlikely to impress those on the French minimum wage of around €350 a week. They may see the cosmetics bill as the price of a return to a preening, monarchical, rather than Gaullist-Olympian, model of the presidency.
The collapse in Macron’s ratings should be put in context. He scored 66% against the far-right leader Marine Le Pen in May in the second round of the presidential elections but much of that vote was anti-Le Pen rather than pro-Macron. In the first round, he scored 34% per cent – roughly his present rating.

The meltdown in his popularity is worrying all the same. It is traditional for the French to vote for “reform” in the abstract but to detest politicians who try to impose “reforms” in the particular. But Macron and his prime minister, Édouard Philippe, have scarcely started on their ambitious plans to bend French labour laws to make room for the unemployed (9.6%) while protecting the employed. An autumn of discontent looms.
Macron became president by a series of bold decisions but also through an extraordinary pattern of lucky breaks. Has his luck run out? He was unlucky to be presented in June with a unexpected hidden €9bn bill for keeping France within the eurozone deficit guidelines. His government’s handling of emergency spending cuts has been clumsy.

Above all, Macron has been awol domestically – at least in terms of presentation of policy to the public. On the same day that the makeup story broke, the Elysée let it be known that Macron intended to step down from the clouds and “communicate” a little more with his people.

The De Gaulle model of an aloof presidency worked for De Gaulle because he was the nation’s wartime saviour. It began to wear thin under François Mitterrand and fell apart under Jacques Chirac. Macron was foolish to think that he could revive it in the age of Twitter and 24-hour news.
To restore his lost momentum and political capital, he will need more than cosmetics.

While Americans Focus On A Category 4 Hurricane, Trump Does His Dirty Work

As a Category 4 hurricane rapidly approached the coast of Texas on Friday night ― causing millions to run for their lives and worry for their homes, their pets, their family photos, their property and their livelihoods ― President Donald Trump escaped to Camp David, where he unleashed his own storm of controversial news, seemingly hoping no one would notice.

Trump signed a memo banning transgender individuals from newly enlisting in the military and pardoned a former sheriff with a history of racist actions. One of his most controversial advisers resigned, and his administration teased they’d end a program that could put many young undocumented immigrants at risk of deportation. These controversial announcements all came as Hurricane Harvey bore down on the Texas Gulf Coast.

The barrage of news coming from the White House, with each story notable in its own right, illustrated both an administration prone to crisis and ill-equipped to handle them, whether natural or self-made.

The U.S. news was largely dominated by Hurricane Harvey throughout the day Friday, as the storm quickly escalated from Category 2 to Category 4, with winds escalating to 130 miles per hour. Millions of Texans were urged to flee their homes, with Republican Gov. Greg Abbott encouraging people to evacuate even if it wasn’t mandatory.

“It is not hyperbole to say that if the forecast verifies, Texas is about to experience one of the worst natural disasters in the history of the state,” Abbott said Friday in a written request for Trump to declare a major disaster.

Trump wished Texans “good luck” as he departed the White House on Friday for Camp David in Maryland. But he and his administration seemed eager to use the natural disaster as a distraction.

Just after 6 p.m. EDT Friday, Military Times reported that Trump signed a memo banning transgender men and women from enlisting in the military. The presidential memo also tasks Defense Secretary Jim Mattis with determining whether to remove already enlisted transgender individuals from service, and it bars the military from funding gender confirmation surgery.

Trump’s initial announcement that transgender individuals wouldn’t be allowed to serve, made in a July 26 series of tweets with no input from the Department of Defense, was widely criticized by military officials, members of the armed forces and lawmakers from both sides of the aisle.

Then, just after 8 p.m., the White House issued a statement that Trump had pardoned Joe Arpaio, the former sheriff of Maricopa County in Arizona. Arpaio had been found in contempt of court for violating a judge’s order and unlawfully detaining individuals his officers claimed might be in the country illegally. He became infamous for making inmates in his jails wear pink underwear and sleep in tents when temperatures at times topped 110 degrees.

Trump and Arpaio worked together to try to disprove Barack Obama’s ability to serve as president, with Arpaio leading an “investigation” into the authenticity of Obama’s birth certificate that Trump once praised as “successful.” In his statement Friday, Trump called Arpaio a “worthy candidate for a Presidential pardon,” the first of Trump’s presidency.

Trump does have the constitutional authority to issue pardons, but the timing of Arpaio’s pardon caused many to question Trump’s priorities.

Trump’s pardon, given to a man widely seen as racist, came at a time when many are still criticizing the president’s response to the white supremacist protests in Charlottesville, Virginia. Trump’s initial unwillingness to explicitly condemn racists was so widely panned that Trump felt a need to defend his responses in a 20-minute rant at a Phoenix rally Tuesday.

And according to WTSP’s Noah Pransky and CNN, Trump deliberately timed the announcement of Arpaio’s pardon to come Friday evening ― Arpaio’s lawyer found out about the pardon at 3 p.m. Friday, and the announcement wasn’t made until 8 p.m. Eastern time, a full five hours later and a mere 30 minutes after Hurricane Harvey was upgraded to a Category 4 storm.

Trump teased the pardon of Arpaio on Tuesday night at the Phoenix rally but said he wouldn’t grant the pardon then because he didn’t “want to cause any controversy.” 

Also late Friday, it was announced that Sebastian Gorka, a controversial adviser to Trump, had left his White House job.

There were also reports throughout Friday afternoon that Trump was considering ending the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program (DACA), which would strip legal work permits from hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants who came to the U.S. as children. 

In any other administration, any one of these announcements could have dominated the news cycle for days. In the Trump era, however, it appears every action was taken to ensure these decisions would be buried by Saturday, when the destruction of Harvey takes over.

Financial Times': Mexico is no longer taking Trumps threats seriously 

The British Financial Times newspaper on Friday (25) brings an article by Larry Summers, where he says he is returning from a recent trip to Mexico and after talking to business and government leaders, came to the conclusion that in relation to his last visit To the country in March, the leaders went from dismayed and alarmed to the administration of Trump to dismayed and confused.

The author considers a kind of progress for the US, and its president. 

"It is not that they find Donald Trump's rhetoric more rational than a few months ago. But they understood that, because of the strength of American institutions and the president's ineptitude, there is likely to be less connection between his rhetoric and action than They had previously assumed. "
Summers claims that the leaders he was with commented on the fact that the Mexican stock market had not been affected by the presidential fury about building walls and ending the North American Free Trade Agreement, noting that this kind of rhetoric six months ago Would have had great effects.

Similarly, over a few months ago, he says that they asked much less about excessive presidential power or the risks to democracy, and much more about impeachment scenarios.

It ends: I left my Mexican friends with a line of Churchill in which I have more and more confidence after seeing the response of the business community, cultural leaders and many Republicans of Congress to this administration: "The United States does the right, but only after Exhausting the alternatives. "

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Trump is the wrong man for the right job

President Trump's administration isn't even fully staffed yet, but after seven bizarre and (mostly) forgettable months it's already finished.

This is not a snarky premature conclusion courtesy of a paid-up member of the lamestream media like yours truly.
 It is the assessment of Trump's own erstwhile chief strategist, Stephen Bannon, who recently told The Weekly Standard that "the Trump presidency that we fought for, and won, is over." It is also the conclusion of Julius Krein, the founder and editor-in-chief of American Affairs, a quarterly magazine dedicated to promulgating an intellectual version of post-liberal Trumpian conservatism.

In an op-ed for The New York Times last week, Krein announced that he regrets having voted for Trump — and having defended him at length in person, in print, on television, and on the radio.
 In his piece, Krein cited the administration's fumbling of health care and taxes and lack of interest in trade and immigration as well as Trump's moronic response to the terrorist attack in Charlottesville among his reasons for disavowing the president.

Not making the list was foreign policy, where Krein argued that "nothing disastrous has occurred … yet." This was, strictly speaking, true insofar as bombing our would-be "natural ally" Bashar al-Assad and making lurid threats of nuclear war on the Korean Peninsula are not disasters. 
But I think it's safe to say that for those who hoped that a smarter, less bellicose, and more humane foreign policy would emerge out of Trump's hazy rhetoric about abandoning nation-building, that fearsome floating conjunction has arrived. 
When the president announced on Monday night that after months of consultation with his generals and what he seemed to regard as a period of private study (the mind reels) he had arrived at … exactly the same position as his two predecessors on the subject of Afghanistan — namely, interminable, aimless war.

It is worth asking, I think, why Krein had such high hopes for the Trump administration. 
He was not alone. F.H. Buckley, a professor of law at George Mason University who has argued in favor of single-payer health care in the pages of the New York Post, was an early backer of Trump. The essayist Helen Andrews, whose personal brand of illiberal reactionary politics is unclassifiable, defended Trump against the charge that he would govern as a tyrant, contrasting him favorably with FDR. Michael Anton, a former speechwriter for Condoleezza Rice and contributor to the Journal of American Greatness blog, a forerunner of American Affairs, wrote an essay for the Claremont of Review of Books in support of Trump's candidacy that eventually secured him a position in the Trump White House.

What did Krein and others see in Trump that made them think that he would not only be preferable to Hillary Clinton — not exactly a difficult position for any opponent of abortion capable of arithmetic to arrive at — but a better president than any of his numerous opponents during the GOP primary?

For his supporters, Trump's candidacy represented a marked and necessary shift away from many things the Republican Party has long stood for both in the popular imagination and in Washington.
 Instead of boring audiences to death with summaries of his 60-point Heritage Foundation-approved plans for unleashing the dynamic genius of entrepreneurship upon the nation's unemployed and drug addicted and otherwise immiserated, he promised infrastructure spending and an end to multilateral trade deals. 
Rather than empty gestures about health-savings accounts he insisted that he would replace the Affordable Care Act with something better. In lieu of the usual verbal acrobatics that ultimately amount to a brief for cutting taxes for the wealthy, he straightforwardly suggested that it might be a good idea to raise them.
 He demanded the shoring up of entitlement programs rather than a scaling back of benefits or a rise in the minimum retirement age. On social issues he suggested compromise rather than pretend, as so many of his blue-blazered predecessors have done, that he is a pious family man. He gave the impression, in other words, that he was going to govern as a very different kind of Republican.
All of this existed only at the level of a fantasy. It was never going to be possible for Trump to govern as a socially quasi-conservative but economically moderate or progressive president when the two major political parties in Congress are committed to barely distinguishable blends of neoliberalism.
 Some members of Congress care genuinely about abortion one way or another; a few more are permitted to agitate on behalf of other boutique causes. Nearly all of them want to fight more wars and increase GDP at the expense of solidarity and the livelihood of the marginalized.

But far from being a silver-tongued diplomat who could reach a bipartisan consensus and pass useful legislation that would be welcomed by a majority of Americans, Trump is an intemperate boor who gets along with almost no one — not members of either party in Congress, not even important figures in his administration. He is the wrong man for the right job, one that shows no sign of ever being done.

Tuesday, August 22, 2017

Trump sends more troops to Afghanistan and changes strategy

US President Increased Against Pakistan

US President Donald Trump will send four thousand more troops to Afghanistan in a new military strategy to combat terrorism and help stabilize the country, the White House said. "I expected to withdraw all the troops and I always like to follow my instincts, but I learned that the decisions are very different when you sit at the Oval Office table," said the Republican tycoon. 

According to Trump, the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan would create a vacuum of power, which would be used by "terrorists, including the Islamic State and Al-Qaeda." The president, however, avoided making promises regarding the exact number of troops to be sent to Afghanistan, as well as the duration of the new operation.

 "We've talked a number of times about how it's counterproductive for the US to announce in advance the dates they want to begin or end military operations. We will not talk about numbers of soldiers or our plans," he said.
Trump's new policy for Afghanistan also foresees changes in the relationship between the US and Pakistan, which has always been seen as a controversial partner in the fight against terrorism. "Pakistan has a lot to gain by collaborating with our efforts in Afghanistan and much to lose by continuing to protect terrorists," the Republican said in a speech broadcast from Fort Myer military base in Virginia.

The Afghan government reacted well to the announcement. "Afghan civilians heard exactly what they wanted," said the ambassador in Washington, Hamdullah Mohib. But the Taliban reacted and made new threats to the United States.

 "Until you have an American soldier on our land, and America continues its war policy, we will take our jihad against them with determination," the group said in a statement.

Saturday, August 19, 2017

Democrat proposes psychiatric examination to take Trump out of the White House

Democratic Congresswoman Zoe Loefgren presented a resolution to the US Congress on Friday that, if approved, could force US President Donald Trump to undergo a medical and psychiatric examination, The Mercury News reported .
In her proposal, the parliamentarian says that it is necessary to know if Trump is qualified to remain in the US's command. If this is not attested, the country's vice president Mike Pence and other members of Trump's cabinet could evoke Amendment 25 of the country's constitution, which provides for the removal of presidents for "incapacity."
"President Donald J. Trump exhibited an alarming pattern of behavior and speech causing concern that a mental disorder may have made him unfit and unable to fulfill his constitutional duties," the Democrat's resolution says.
The MP's initiative also calls for Trump's office to quickly "secure the services of medical and psychiatric professionals to examine the president [...] to determine whether the president suffers from mental disorder or another injury that impairs his abilities and prevents him from fulfilling his obligations. Constitutional duties ".
In a statement, Loefgren's office questioned whether Trump had "early stage dementia" or whether "office stress aggravates disabling impulse control of mental illness." "I'm not a psychiatrist or a psychologist," Lofgren said in an interview on Friday. "If it were a physical illness, you would receive the doctors' advice. The same must be true to take a look at your stability here," he added.
The 25th Amendment to the US Constitution states that the vice president and the majority of the cabinet may temporarily remove the president from office by declaring him "unable to fulfill the powers and duties of his office" in a letter to Congress. The vice president would then become the interim president.
If the president opposes a removal of the trustee, the debate goes to Congress. A two-thirds majority vote in both houses of Congress is bound to keep the president out of office. For now, the White House has not spoken about the initiative.

Protesters go on the streets in Boston, with Trump increasingly isolated

US President Donald Trump announced on Saturday that he will not be delivering Washington's most prestigious artistic awards, the latest sign of his growing isolation after one of the most disastrous weeks of his short term.

Outraged statements by leaders of his own Republican Party, the wave of defections from his economic advisers and criticism of big names in culture: deep uneasiness persists because of Trump's ambiguous words about racist violence in Charlottesville where a neo-Nazi sympathizer Threw the car into a crowd, killing a woman.

In this tense atmosphere, a rally was celebrated this Saturday in Boston. Officially in favor of freedom of expression, the protest brought together extreme right-wing militants as thousands of anti-racism marchers marched toward the center of town near the Conservative rally.

Authorities in this university city in the northeastern United States fear oversteps and heightened precautions: they banned the carrying of weapons in the area and said they would not allow the white supremacists' march to go beyond what was planned.
The counter-demonstration of leftist groups already gathered thousands of people over the weekend, some displaying posters stating "There is no place for hatred" and "Out Nazi."

"The dominant speech has taken all of this to a new level and that's what worries us," Boston Police Chief William Evans said on Friday in connection with the debate on the extreme right and racist violence in the United States. United since the episodes in Charlottesville.

"I've never seen so many people looking for confrontation," he told a news conference.

- Division -

It is precisely "the Trump administration's speech that feeds the division" to which choreographer Carmen de Lavallade referred to refuse the invitation to a White House reception, organized to deliver, on December 3, the most prestigious artistic awards of Washington, the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.

Before her, director Norman Lear had warned that he would not either. Scrounged by controversy, singer Lionel Richie, another of the winners, explained this week that he has not yet made a decision.
Facing the denials already announced, the couple Trump announced on Saturday they will not attend the party to avoid "political interference."

But Kennedy Center officials quickly welcomed this presidential decision. "By deciding not to attend this year's events, the administration has elegantly displayed its respect for the Kennedy Center and ensures that the awards ceremony will be a special time well deserved for the winners."

- Faithful base -

It is not the first time that Donald Trump decides to disdain of a great tradition in Washington. In April, he had already decided to avoid the annual dinner of the correspondents, which brings together the cream of the American press and politics.

These are decisions that please your base, charmed by these rantings to an establishment criticized so many times during the election campaign. His most unconditional followers remain proudly loyal: six out of ten say they will not change their opinion. Do what Donald Trump does, according to Monmouth University (Aug. 10-14) with 805 respondents.
Far from giving a truce to his unpredictable declarations and tweets that have shaken Washington since he arrived at the White House on January 20, Donald Trump's "work holidays" in New Jersey and New York have been marked by controversy and unplanned announcements.

Trying to turn the page after a week shaken by the Charlottesville episodes, he convened his national security team at Camp David on Friday to address the American strategy in Afghanistan.

"An important day at Camp David with our generals and very talented military leaders. Many decisions have been taken, including some on Afghanistan, "Donald Trump wrote on Twitter this morning, without detailing what they were.

The president also thanked Steve Bannon, his controversial strategic adviser, whom he fired on Friday.

Disunited States of Trump


                       While condescending with the racist movement, the American president shows he does not have the expected moral leadership of a White House occupant

No president of the United States was properly holy. Barack Obama, Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, failed to fulfill his promise to close Guantanamo and was a champion in the use of drones in military operations.

 Bill Clinton, responsible for the country's longest prosperity, lied to cover up an extramarital affair. Richard Nixon resigned to escape an impeachment, for involvement in espionage of the opposing party's campaign committee, at the Watergate Hotel.

 None was holy. But they all assumed the Presidency aware that they should represent balance and balance in a diverse country. It did not always seem simple or obvious. Following the September 11, 2001 attacks perpetrated by Muslim Osama bin Laden, George W. Bush was made public by avoiding polarization and prejudice.

 "Those who do evil in the name of Allah blaspheme the name of Allah," Bush said. "We respect your faith. "By serving as a reserve and a moral lantern, the occupants of the White House have historically fulfilled their obligation to keep the country together. Any lessDonald Trump . He is the first American president who is not, and does not want to be, a breakeven . Trump lacks the qualification to run the most powerful country in the world.

The reaction to the bombings in the city of Charlottesville, Virginia, and Barcelona, ​​Spain, served to unambiguously confirm the moral incapacity of Trump. Three hours after a van ran over 100 tourists in Barcelona (17), leaving 13 dead, the president published on Twitter:

 "The United States condemns the terrorist attack in Spain and will do whatever it takes to help. Be strong, we love you. " When a car hit more than 20 protesters in the state of Virginia on day 12, Trump's short, nervous fingers took hours to tweet. Other Republicans, including House Speaker Paul Ryan, current Republican National Committee chair Ronna Romney McDaniel, and even First Lady Melania Trump, have chosen to speak openly about the situation. They used hashtags and words like "Nazi", "KKK", "Charlottesville" and "intolerance", adopted by those who witnessed the violence near Virginia University. When he tweeted about Charlottesville,

 Trump was much more reticent. "Condolences to the young woman's family today and greetings to all the wounded in Charlottesville, Virginia. That sad!"
Pressed for his shameful conviction, Trump on Monday (14) left Twitter and spoke at the White House. He pulled a sheet of paper from his left breast pocket and read, "We condemn, in the strongest possible terms, this display of hatred, stupidity, and violence." The next day, however, Trump was again Trump. On a visit to New York, the president was questioned by journalists about the Charlottesville bombing. Trump spoke suddenly - and with his heart. Instead of speaking "we," as he had done in his speech, Trump turned to "I". From the collective, passed to the individual. From union, to segregation.

I think there is guilt on both sides. There were very bad people in that group. But you also had very good people. On both sides, "Trump said, in front of an audience baffled by what he was hearing. "There were good people there protesting the loss of a statue [the far-right protest in Charlottesville was against the removal of a statue of General Robert Lee, head of the Confederate Army in the American Civil War]. George Washington was a slave owner ... Let's take down the statues of George Washington? "Many attributed Trump's reaction to a tragedy in his own country to the sympathizers he collects in the group behind the attack: Right.
Trump was elected with the support of the far right. The Ku Klux Klan group (KKK) has expressed official support for the Republican Party candidate.

 His campaign strategist was Steve Bannon, director of the post-truth and half-lies site Breitbart News, of far-right opinions, known for offensive headlines that promote racist, anti-Muslim and anti-immigrant ideas. With the election of Trump, Bannon became chief strategist of the White House and gained position until in the Council of National Security. On Friday (18), Bannon stepped down "by mutual agreement" - after pressure from other members of the administration over Charlottesville and internal disputes, prompted by an interview in which he unleashed his colleagues.

More than 30 million people watched the news program Vice News Tonight about the conflict in Charlottesville. The 22-minute report, which accompanied a group that participated in the demonstration against the removal of the statue of General Lee, was shared  
on social networks. In the video, white supremacist Christopher Cantwell talks about the strategies of the extreme right-wing movement Unite the Right and makes statements like "we're not non-violent, let's kill these people if we need to" without blinking.

On Wednesday, Spotify removed dozens of songs from its streaming service - following a report by a journalist who pointed to the presence of 37 bands whose music incites hatred. Instead, Spotify has created a playlist called "Patriotic Passion." With songs ranging from Jimi Hendrix to Lady Gaga and encouraging tolerance to diversity, the patriotic playlist is described as "a soundtrack to an America worth fighting for." Spotify was being used by extreme-
Right to recruit sympathizers from musical preferences. The move shows how the network environment has become a contested territory for hearts and minds. "Social media allows long-standing local movements to expand, become national and even transnational," said David Leonard, a professor in the Department of Culture at the University of California, who studies issues of gender and race.

Trump came to the presidency of the United States as a pop politician, with the image built on a reality television show and simplistic ideas that fit the 140 characters of a tweet. But the network that serves as a platform for promotion can also be used to deal with it. On Saturday (12), former President Barack Obama published in his Twitter account a picture of him greeting a group of children by the window of a day care center (see below).

 The photo was accompanied by a quote from former South African President Nelson Mandela, a major promoter of the idea of ​​overcoming racism for reconciliation: "No one is born hating another person because of their skin color, their creations or their religion." Touite has become the most tanned in history, with over 4 million likes. For every torch of intolerance, there is a candle of hope.

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

Can having money make you sick?

New research suggests that the richer find and treat tumors that would not pose major problems. Is it possible to exaggerate in prevention?

Money does not buy health . There are situations where not even the greatest fortunes are capable of saving lives. Still, it seems logical that having the financial resources allows you to enjoy the knowledge of good doctors , advanced exams , new techniques. But this may not necessarily be good. A survey conducted by two American physicians at the University of Dartmouth came to a curious conclusion. They compared the number of diagnoses of four types of cancer - skin, prostate, breast and thyroid - in high and low income areas of the United States. In the richer, there were more diagnoses of tumors than in the poor, an expected finding.
The explanation is somewhat obvious: it is not because the richer people get sicker, but because they have more access to health and, therefore, more chances of detecting tumors. The surprise came from another analysis, as researchers looked at the number of deaths caused by these four types of cancer. In addition to mortality not increasing at the same rate as the number of diagnoses, there was no major difference between high and low income regions. That is, the people of the poorer regions, who did not discover the tumors, did not die any more because they stopped treating them or because they started therapy too late. The graph below shows the disparity between the number of diagnoses and deaths.
For the researchers, there is only one possible explanation: richer people are finding tumors in their exams that would not cause major problems or could be treated when the symptoms appeared, and no preventive tests were needed to detect them early. A classic case of superdiagnosis , better known by the English equivalent term: overdiagnosis . "My way of looking at these data is that having money is a potential risk of suffering too much medical care," says American physician Gilbert Welch, one of the authors of the study and one of the pioneering voices to warn about wasted resources and Risks of overexamination and treatment. "They turn people into patients unnecessarily,"
The idea sounds counterintuitive. Medicine has devoted much of its efforts in the last century to developing the ability to diagnose and treat diseases that afflict us ever more rapidly. The age of the imaging examinations , inaugurated in 1895 by the German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, who was able to glimpse the bones of his wife's hand using X-rays, has made us persevering pursuers of precision in the diagnoses. Pondering that this is doing us more harm than good is something surprising. Going back to criticism of cancer screening, the objects of countless campaigns, seems like an even bolder (or risky) idea.

The criticisms came precisely from the popularization of the preventive exams, called traces . Long-term studies have begun to show that, in population terms, not everyone may benefit from early detection . "Now we know that seeing cancer as something that will kill you is a gross oversimplification," Welch says. "There is a lot of heterogeneity." Welch uses a metaphor from the animal world to explain the diversity of tumors. Birds represent the fastest, most aggressive growth cancers. "You can not get them because when you try to surround them, they've already flown." Rabbits represent tumors that screening can help detect and treat early, with more chances of success. "The rabbits are scattered and you can catch them if you build enough fences," says Welch. But there are also turtles: you do not need fences to protect them because they are not going anywhere. "There are many turtles in prostate, breast and skin cancer," says Welch. In this reasoning, the wear and tear caused by the effort to catch the turtles - anxiety, emotional stress and the risks of future interventions, such as surgeries and the side effects of medications - would be unnecessary.

It is irresistible to think that some birds can be captured. Like some turtles can also get away. Therefore, there is disagreement about how often screening tests should be done, including within the medical community. One of the most emblematic cases is prostate cancer . From the 1990s, doctors began encouraging men to measure in their blood a protein that could point to the presence of prostate tumors, the so-called PSA test . In 2012, a panel of US experts, the US Preventive Services Task Force , began to recommend no further screening: it did not significantly reduce deaths and could induce unnecessary treatment of non-dangerous tumors. The treatment, that yes, Could cause permanent damage such as urinary incontinence and sexual impotence . The orientation of abandoning the screening was endorsed in Brazil by the National Cancer Institute  ( INCA) , but challenged by the Brazilian Society of Urology . Last year, a study showed that early diagnosis of prostate cancer fell in the United States. This made the experts wonder: Would the recommendation against tracking have gone too far to put men at risk? The orientation of abandoning the screening was endorsed in Brazil by the National Cancer Institute ( INCA) , but challenged by the Brazilian Society of Urology . Last year, a study showed that early diagnosis of prostate cancer fell in the United States. This made the experts wonder: Would the recommendation against tracking have gone too far to put men at risk? The orientation of abandoning the screening was endorsed in Brazil by the National Cancer Institute ( Inca) , but challenged by the Brazilian Society of Urology . Last year, a study showed that early diagnosis of prostate cancer fell in the United States. This made the experts wonder: Would the recommendation against tracking have gone too far to put men at risk?

The result came in April of this year: the independent panel of experts who provides health recommendations to the US government has turned back and has recommended that men, over 50, discuss with their doctors the benefits and risks of crawling , According to their particular case. Men with a history in the family are still advised to take the exam, those over the age of 70 are still discouraged from doing so. With so many comings and goings, not infrequently, confused patients remain. "There is no doubt that we need to discuss the advantages and the risks," says urologist Carlos Sacomani of the Brazilian Society of Urology (SBU). "When enlightened, most men decide to take the test because it is not invasive." The SBU maintains its favorable position for screening as of 50 years. Men with risk factors - black,

Men are not the only ones who suffer from the twists and turns of the recommendations. Something similar has happened with breast cancer , which mainly affects - but not only - women. There have already been changes in recommendations because of studies that do not infrequently populate the scientific literature. One of the most recent, published in March this year, with data from Danish women collected between 1980 and 2010, suggests that diagnosing one in three invasive tumors or noninvasive lesions is a case of overdiagnosis. Studies of this type have prompted the American panel of experts to publish new guidelines in 2009 for mammography , the breast cancer screening exam. Instead of doing it once a year from the age of 40, The panel went on to support the idea that women, without risk factors, as cases in the family, should do mammography only from the age of 50, yes year, no year. In Brazil, the Inca adopted the policy, but the Brazilian Society of Mastology maintains the recommendation of annual mammograms from the age of 40.

Controversies are understandable. Although long-term studies on the effects of screening suggest that there is an excess of diagnoses, there are those who do not want to risk letting a tumor that could be tackled, with more chances of success, if caught at an early stage. For now, the discussion about the effects of overdiagnosis makes sense at the population level. In public health , it is pertinent to compare the costs of the two approaches to make the best use of ever finite resources. Therefore, research tries to answer whether most people benefit from the tests, ie whether they live longer than those undiagnosed on preventive tests or if the costs of unnecessary diagnoses outweigh the benefits.

When the discussion is individualized, it gains the name and the history of a person, it remains the certainty that the new studies are not a simple permission to leave the exams aside. And that the  risks and benefits need to be weighed. There are those who prefer to deal with the anxiety generated by possible false alarms found in an examination, rather than with the idea of ​​not detecting a health threat as soon as possible. There are those who do not tolerate living in the expectation of taking exams and prefer to look at a problem when - and if - it appears. The importance of studies that analyze the consequences of screening may be to remember that all conduct in medicine - examinations, medications, procedures - has side effects . And that the good relationship between doctor and patient, Plus a well-informed patient, is a key factor in choosing what is most appropriate for each person - and to deal with the effects of that decision. "There is no uniformity in the studies that allows us to make a single decision, not to do or to track," says oncologist Paulo Hoff , director of the Institute of Cancer of the State of São Paulo ( Icesp ). "The ideal would be to have genetic markers that tell us whether a detected tumor will develop or not, but that does not yet exist." Says the oncologist Paulo Hoff , director of the Institute of Cancer of the State of São Paulo ( Icesp ). "The ideal would be to have genetic markers that tell us whether a detected tumor will develop or not, but that does not yet exist." Says the oncologist Paulo Hoff , director of the Institute of Cancer of the State of São Paulo ( Icesp ). "The ideal would be to have genetic markers that tell us whether a detected tumor will develop or not, but that does not yet exist."

Welch himself, who has been studying the phenomenon of overexamination for decades, has followed the path of individualizing his decision. As his father had died from bowel cancer , Welch did at age 50 a preventive examination, called a colonoscopy . As the result was "totally normal," he chose not to repeat the exam periodically. His decision runs counter to the recommendation of the American Task Force itself - which is usually skeptical about the benefits of screening, but recommends screening for colon cancer in the 50-75 age group. At age 62, Welch says that today his greatest health fears are others. "I am more concerned about the slow and progressive decline in a nursing home, failing to recognize my wife and daughter," Says Welch. "My biggest concern is not to die, to live too much."

How America's Happiest City Has Become a Warfield

Thomas Jefferson's home and one of the best places to live in the USA, Charlottesville lived a nightmare last weekend. Understand

She was home to the third American president, Thomas Jefferson, and voted the happiest city in the United States , Charlottesville, Virginia, has about 50,000 inhabitants and is packed with the motto "an incredible place for all Our citizens ".

Last weekend, however, the city found itself in the middle of an unexpected hurricane after its streets were taken by the racist march "Unite the Right" and that gathered thousands of white supremacists of different movements, As the new "alt-right" and the group that is already an old acquaintance of the Americans, Ku Klux Klan (KKK).

The protest, however, quickly turned the city into a wartime camp after violent clashes erupted between those demonstrators and opponents. So far, three people have died and 20 have been injured as a result of the violence. The situation was so chaotic that the governor of Virginia, Democrat Terry McAuliffe, declared a state of emergency.

At the center of the controversy is a statue. More specifically, a memory memorial of Robert E. Lee, general who led the Confederate States during the American Civil War and became a symbol of the defense of slavery and racism.

Raised in 1924, the landmark has its retreat discussed in the city since last year. The question, of course, came with much controversy. In February 2017, local authorities voted in favor of this removal, but received in response a lawsuit filed by opponents that has not yet been finalized.

Since then, defenders of the monument have been trying to organize a march to ensure their stay in the park. The city tried unsuccessfully to block the demonstration, but its organizers were able to secure their realization in court by invoking the defense of freedom of expression provided in the first amendment of the American constitution.


On Saturday, the president spoke about the incidents in Virginia, but was criticized for not condemning the supremacist groups. The criticism came from all sides, Republicans and Democrats, and made the president back in his rhetoric and make a new statement pointing the finger directly to those involved.

On the side of the protestors, one of the organizers of the demonstration, Jason Kessler, blamed city officials for the violence. "The blame for the violence lies mainly with the officers of Charlottesville and the police who failed to maintain law and order, protect the rights of the First Amendment of the marchers and ensure their safety."

For 40 years, Elvis Presley, the 'King of Rock'

 - It was late on August 16, 1977 when star Elvis Presley was found unconscious in the bathroom of his "Graceland" mansion in Memphis, United States. 40 years ago, the music world was not only losing one of the icons of rock and roll, but "The King".   

Elvis' body was found by his fiancée Ginger Alden. At the time, several theories and rumors were spread. Some mentioned that Elvis had died a victim of an ordeal, others said that the king was alive and had assumed a false identity and, for unknown reasons, settled in another country.   

Countless conspiracy theories tried to forge explanations for the death of the singer, including with the idea that he would have been poisoned. At the age of 42, Elvis had just over 20 career years, 61 albums and more than one billion albums sold worldwide when he was struck down by a heart attack.   

At the funeral, Elvis Presley's body swept down the avenue that takes its name to the Forest Hills Cemetery. The coffin was buried in the family mausoleum, in a reserved ceremony.   

A day later, on August 17, thousands of people gathered around their mansion to pay homage and bid farewell to the legendary singer.   

Elvis was practically retired since 1972. Obese and addicted to drugs, he lived totally inmate. The last show of his career happened on June 25, 1977 in Indianapolis.   

Its success was so much that it continues until today in the musical scene.   

Elvis is considered the best selling artist of all time.   

According to Forbes magazine, the "king" is the fourth deceased celebrity with highest revenue, about $ 27 million.   

With unique voice and style, the rock star challenged the social and racial barriers of his era by playing blues, country, gospel and black music. Son of a trucker and a textile worker, Elvis was born on January 8, 1935 and raised in a two bedroom house in Tupelo, Mississippi.   

In 1948, he moved to Memphis with his parents and graduated from high school. He recorded his first record at age 19 and almost instantly became a star. The star was married to Priscilla for six years until the couple divorced amicably in 1973. The two had a daughter, Lisa Marie Presley, who became the wife of Michael Jackson.   

His characteristic movement to dance earned him the nickname "Elvis, the Pelvis". Filled with style, charisma and sex appeal, Elvis has captured the hearts of millions of women. In addition, the "king of rock" has become a source of inspiration for several singers.   

His songs have been reissued and reissued countless times since his death. Successes such as "Heartbreak Hotel", "Hound Dog", "Jailhouse Rock", "Love me Tender" and "Are You Lonesome Tonight" are recognized worldwide.   

In the 40 years of his death, it is estimated that more than 50,000 people will attend Graceland to pay homage to the singer.   

LeBron James says Trump leaves hatred 'fashionable'

Basketball star LeBron James, a Cleveland Cavaliers player, has criticized Donald Trump for making hatred "fashionable," and advocated against racism rather than the so-called "president."

LeBron reacted quickly after the American president reiterated his view that there was guilt "on both sides" in the racial riots of the weekend in Charlottesville, Virginia.

"Hatred has always existed in the United States. Yes, we know that, but Donald Trump just made it look fashionable again, "LeBron wrote on Twitter.

Lebron wrote the message shortly after Trump defended his initial response to the white supremacist demonstration on Saturday, which triggered several clashes with the counter-demonstrators.

Trump's reaction Saturday, which saw violence "on many sides," provoked an intense reaction. On Monday he pointed to the Ku Klux Klan and the neo-Nazis involved as criminals.

But at a news conference at the Trump Tower in New York on Tuesday, the president, visibly irritated, again asserted that the two groups were to blame for inciting violence.

LeBron, who has long talked about racism and social justice in the United States, expressed his sadness over the weekend with events in Charlottesville.

The athlete, who supported Democrat Hillary Clinton in the elections won by Trump, questioned, "Is this the path that our country is following?"

The player, who was vandalized in racist abuse on the eve of the NBA finals in June, returned to the issue on Tuesday evening at a LeBron James Family Foundation event in Sandusky, Ohio.

Obama's post-Charlottesville tweet is more tanned in the history of Twitter

A message of tolerance of former US President Barack Obama after the violence in Charlottesville over the weekend has become the most popular in the history of Twitter - social media reported on Wednesday (16).
The tweet of the first black president of the United States cited the late South African leader Nelson Mandela.
"No one is born hating another person for the color of their skin, or their origin, or their religion," Obama tweeted Sunday after the clash in Charlottesville (Virginia) between neo-Nazi militants and anti-racism protesters.
By 10am this Wednesday, Obama's tweet had already received 3.2 million "tanners" on the network. It has been retouched at least 1.3 million times.
The president spoke out about the riots only on Twitter and quotes from Mandela, the icon of the South African Apartheid fight, who died in 2013.
A photo accompanying the tweet shows four babies - including a black girl and a blond boy - in a window, looking at Obama, who is very close to them.
Two other Obama tweets without photos had more than a million "tanned"


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