Tuesday, January 23, 2018

              'NYT': Democracia é empurrada para o abismo no Brasil

       Especialista alerta que situação brasileira pode piorar com julgamento de Lula

O Brasil foi o último do Ocidente a abolir a escravidão, é uma democracia "bastante jovem", que se libertou da ditadura há apenas três décadas. A democracia do país, contudo, nunca esteve tão fraca desde então e, nesta semana, ainda pode ficar mais deteriorada com o julgamento do ex-presidente Lula. A leitura do cenário brasileiro é do economia norte-americano Mark Weisbrot, co-diretor do Centro para Pesquisas Econômicas e de Políticas Públicas (Center for Economic and Policy Research - CEPR), em Washington.

"Nos últimos dois anos, o que poderia ter sido um avanço histórico - o Partido dos Trabalhadores garantir autonomia para o Judiciário investigar e processar casos de corrupção - virou o oposto. Como resultado, a democracia do Brasil está em seu momento mais frágil desde o fim da ditadura militar", escreve Mark Weisbrot em artigo publicado nesta terça-feira (23) no New York Times, na versão online, e que deve ser publicada na edição impressa desta quarta-feira (24) do jornal norte-americano. 

"Nesta semana, esta democracia pode sofrer uma erosão ainda mais profunda enquanto um tribunal de apelação de três juízes deve decidir se a figura política mais popular do país, o ex-presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva do Partido dos Trabalhadores, será impedido de concorrer na eleição presidencial de 2018, ou mesmo se será preso"

O economista argumenta que não há grandes expectativas de que a Corte será imparcial. Weisbrot destaca que o presidente do TRF-4, desembargador Carlos Eduardo Thompson Flores Lenz, já disse que a sentença de condenação de Lula no caso do triplex do Guarujá do juiz Sérgio Moro "foi tecnicamente irrepreensível", e que a chefe de gabinete da presidência do TRF-4 publicou em sua página no Facebook uma petição online para coletar assinaturas em apoio à condenação e prisão do ex-presidente.

O juiz Sérgio Moro tem demonstrado seu próprio partidarismo em numerosas ocasiões", alerta Weisbrot, lembrando que Moro teve de se desculpar ao STF em 2016 pela divulgação dos áudios de conversas entre Lula e a ex-presidente Dilma Rousseff, seu advogado e sua esposa e filhos, e que Moro "organizou um espetáculo para a imprensa", em que a polícia apareceu na casa de Lula e o levou para depor coercitivamente, mesmo com o ex-presidente declarando que poderia depor voluntariamente. 

"As evidências contra o Sr. Silva estão longe dos padrões a serem levados a sério, por exemplo, no sistema jurídico dos Estados Unidos", continua o especialista. "O suborno alegadamente recebido pelo Sr. da Silva é um apartamento de propriedade da OEA. Mas não há provas documentais de que o Sr. da Silva ou sua esposa já tenham recebido títulos, alugado ou mesmo que tenham permanecido no apartamento, nem que tenham tentado aceitar este presente

Monday, January 22, 2018

3D printers could let you produce your own drugs

You might imagine that drug production only happens at gigantic pharma corporations with millions of dollars worth of equipment. However, researchers at the University of Glasgow have unveiled a new process of building "reactionware," or small reactors that can produce drugs, using a $2,000 off-the-shelf 3D printer, Science reports. The new process makes it possible for anyone to fabricate drugs, allowing doctors in developing nations to quickly produce medicines to curtail outbreaks, or even let you produce your own ibuprofen at home.
The process sounds fairly simple when you describe it, but it took the researchers nearly six years to get to this point. Using the 3D printer, the team built various water-bottle sized vessels that can carry out four different chemical reactions in 12 steps, including filter and evaporation. These essentially become miniature reaction factories, allowing pharmacists or doctors to create specific drugs by adding solvents and reagents at specific times in the process.
The chemicals themselves could kept in "self-contained cartridges, requiring limited user interaction to produce the desired products on demand," the paper notes. A big part of the scheme are the recipes that break down the fabrication into a step-by-step workflow that anyone can follow.
Using the technique, the researchers created the muscle relaxant baclofen, and also produced anticonvulsant and ulcer drugs using different reactionware. The process could be extended to produce many other different types of medicine.
It's certainly possible to purchase reactionware vessels, the researchers note, and fabricate the drugs in much the same way. However, ordering and shipping such products could take precious time in remote or poor regions in case of outbreaks or other medical emergencies. And it would be completely impossible on the ISS or NASA missions to Mars, for instance. Using a 3D printer would allow medical personnel to roll their own reactors, and as long as they had the necessary chemicals, they could make a wide variety of drugs themselves.
There are still a lot of things to work out, like regulations and the potential for abuse of such devices to make illegal drugs, but other researchers are pretty enthused about the ideas. "It could become a milestone paper, a really seminal paper," Nobel laureate chemist Fraser Stoddart (who was not involved in the research) told Science. "This is one of those articles that has to make [people] sit up and take notice."

Saturday, January 20, 2018

Indian opens 8 km road to pick up for children to go to and from school

Vegetable seller spent two years removing rocks to build path; government promises to reward it and complete the work.

 For two years, 45-year-old Jalandhar Nayak used a hoe and a pick to build an 8-kilometer road alone in a remote village in the Orissa state of India.
The vegetable vendor worked about eight hours a day to remove the stones and clear the way, in order to reduce the time spent by the children to get to and from school, located 15 km away.
The three children used to take three hours each way on mountainous terrain.
"My children had difficulty walking down the narrow, rocky path," Nayak told the local News World Odisha newspaper.
"I often saw them stumbling on the rocks, so I decided to sculpt a road through the mountain so they could walk more easily."
There are still 7 km of road to Nayak to complete its work. But the local press interview drew the attention of the Indian authorities, who promised to build the rest of the way and reward the seller for the work already done.
The news made Nayak "very happy" - he took the opportunity to ask for electricity and drinking water for his village. According to the Indian press, only the Nayak family live in the region - abandoned by other residents precisely because of lack of infrastructure.
The effort of the seller aroused admiration of the population:
"I was impressed to see that he was extremely careful (in construction) and made sure no tree was felled to build his road," said Sibashakti Biswal, the first reporter to interview Nayak.
The press has compared Nayak to Dasharath Manjhi, known as the "mountain man of Bihar," who spent 22 years (from 1960 to 1982) building on his own a road that crossed mountains and connected his village to the nearest town. The purpose was to prevent his wife from injuring herself on the hitherto dangerous route.

What period or literary school are we in now?

It's a time that yielded The Guilt of the Stars, 50 Shades of Gray, and The Chronicles of Ice and Fire ... hard to find a pattern, no?

Today there are two classifications: "indefinite" or "contemporary trends", which are valid for both national and global literature. But for most scholars of literature, this latter category is not very well accepted. "It is all in this 'contemporary trend', that is, it is a term that does not clarify anything," says Silvio Bedani, a master in literary theory and literature compared by USP. For Eduardo Calbucci, master in linguistics, the classification of a certain period can only happen after a temporary distance. "It is possible that, in 20 or 30 years, we realize that in 2017 we lived in a certain literary school, because the works of today had similar aesthetic characteristics. But it is still not possible to point this out, 

The most bizarre things ever auctioned on eBay

The first Brazilian aircraft carrier, Minas Gerais , was built by the British during World War II, but was not ready in time to participate in the fighting. It was lent to Australia between 1952 and 1955, under the name HMS Vengeance , and sold to the Brazilian military in 1956. When it came out of operation in 2001, it was the oldest aircraft carrier in the world.
Enthusiasts and collectors petitioned to turn it into a museum, but it did not work out: the 16,000-ton vessel was sold to an anonymous one and went hand-in-hand until it appeared on eBay in 2004 , with an initial bid of $ 7 million . The announcement was not approved by the site, which prohibits the negotiation of war material. The user, a broker who serviced by maine_gold , ensured that there was no explosive, missile or hunt on board.

Remember the distant year of grace 2007, when Britney Spears shaved her hair? Well, do not think the pop diva's wicks went to waste: the beauty salon in which the act was consummated in California took the tuft and put it on Ebay, with an initial bid of $ 1 million. The BBC, meanwhile , said part of the proceeds would be donated to charities - and that the hairdressers would send the buyer a blue lighter and a can of Red Bull that the singer forgot in the waiting room.

In February 2016, Egypt's President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi was put on auction for $ 100,000 after stating during a speech that he would be able to sell himself to raise funds and improve the country's economic situation. "By God Almighty, if I could sell myself, I would have done it," he said on state television . Freight was free. The item description included: "Marshal, Ph.D., decent state of conservation, current bid $ 100,301."

New blood test detects 8 types of cancer with 70% accuracy

The cancer, even before the first symptoms, begins to leave traces in the blood. They may be small pieces of mutant DNA, floating between red and white blood cells. They may also be proteins with a peculiar amino acid sequence, which could only have been made by the cells of a tumor.
Each type of cancer - there are more than a hundred of them - leaves a different trail of substances, a unique set of footprints in your body. It's like when two people, one in slippers and one in cotton, step on the cool cement of the sidewalk. We are now on track to identify these footprints with a needle - still in the first stages of the tumor, when the damage is not as great and the treatment almost always works.
That is the promise of a new type of blood test, announced yesterday in Science . When applied to 1005 volunteers with diagnosed cancer, they identified the disease and organ reached in 70% of the cases - the success rate varied between 39% and 96% according to the type. All with a little bottle of the liquid, no x-ray or magnetic resonance imaging. Among the types tested are some of the most common: breast , lung, ovary, liver, stomach, pancreas, esophagus and rectum. The method was also tested on 812 people who were not sick, to check the number of false alarms. There were only seven mistakes.

What to expect from Trump's second year as US president?

Exactly a year ago, Donald Trump took office as President of the United States . Its first 365 days brought some controversial actions, such as the recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital and a major battle for the  passage of an anti-immigration decree restricting the entry of citizens from mostly Muslim countries into the country.
However, 2017 turned out to be less troubled than expected - largely because many of Trump's decrees were either barred by justice or needed extra legislation, which was not implemented. The US Congress passed few measures, and to the relief of many, some of Trump's biggest electoral promises were not honored, such as building the wall on the Mexican border and expanding laws favoring arms carriers.
On his first anniversary as president of the United States, his approval fell and the American population became less optimistic . According to a recent survey, 39% of the population approve their performance, against 57% who disapprove of the president. In February 2017, shortly after the inauguration, Trump's approval rating was 44%.
However, another three years of government are yet to come. For US policy experts, 2018 may be decisive for Republicans, with midterm elections taking place in November. The investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 race and the constant discussion in the American press about a possible impeachment also promise to take the president's sleep.
While the first year of Donald Trump was marked by the president's unpredictability, the second year has been marked by previous experiences. To mark the anniversary, VEJA talked to American political scientists and gathered some of the top prognoses for the second year of the Trump government. The result you check below.
Trump must continue to make his controversial and explosive statements in his second year in office. "There is no question about it, he can not contain himself," says American political analyst Kyle Kondik. In foreign policy, targets should remain North Korea and Iran - Trump's intimidating statements, however, they only got threats in response. There is concern in the international community that with yet another year of provocation, the reactions of certain regimes will become more violent and practical.
Many also fear the Republican's behavior in the face of major international crises that would require interventions from the United States. "I think it's reasonable to be skeptical about the president's ability to deal with problems confidently," says Kondik.
Elections that will decide the new House of Representatives, part of the Senate and the government of some states are scheduled for November 6. "Certainly the Democrats will win more seats in Congress and perhaps end up significantly with the Republican majority in the House," predicts analyst Kyle Kondik. In addition, the Democratic Party must win more state governments than it currently holds - Democrats rule only 17 of 50 US states at the moment.
The vote is heating up the day to day Republicans in Congress and, consequently, Donald Trump. MEPs and senators should try to speed up some draft legislation and perhaps even agree to work with Democrats on controversial issues such as the DACA Immigration Act.
"But the party is divided when it comes to major legislative issues," says University of California, Berkeley, Eric Schickler, professor of policy at the University of California.However, so far the vast majority of Republicans in Congress remain close to Trump , ignoring its low approval and controversial statements. "A key point will be whether they will continue to support the president when they face a difficult election environment for the November elections," 
Research into Russia's interference in the 2016 presidential elections and meetings between members of Trump's election campaign and Russian officials is expected to have new chapters in 2018. Rumors have recently surfaced that controversial former White House strategist Steve Bannon would be called to testify before Robert Mueller, special adviser assigned to the case, have warmed the scene.
A report of completion of the investigation may directly shake the government and the president's popularity. Nothing is yet known about Mueller's conclusions, but the issue should continue to disrupt the White House.
"If the investigation is released mid-year, it could have a major impact on the November elections, especially if there is evidence of some kind of collusion between the Trump campaign and Russia," says the political scientist and professor at the University of Wisconsin, David Canon.
Since the investigation into Russian interference in the elections has begun, the 'ghost' of impeachment rounds out the government of Donald Trump. Although no indictment has been filed against the president himself since the resignation of FBI director James Comey, the matter has been a constant subject in the American press.
Although an impeachment is unlikely at this point, the subject tends to remain on the radar of American voters and legislators.
In order for the impeachment process to take place, both the House of Representatives and the Senate would have to consider the president guilty of the crimes for which he is accused and approve his dismissal with at least two-thirds of the House's votes.
Since taking office as president, Trump has divided the United States with his nationalist rhetoric. Racist and xenophobic movements gained momentum and spurred episodes such as that of Charlottesville, Virginia, in August, when racist and anti-racist protesters clashed , leaving three dead and dozens injured.
"He is the president of the United States, the most powerful man in the world, and his attitudes allow racist, sexist, xenophobic and homophobic people to come out of the dark and say what they mean," says political scientist Christopher Parker of the University of Washington. The professor believes that these movements have always existed in the country, but they have been encouraged by the American president.
The reality will likely remain the same in the second year of Trump's rule. With his controversial remarks, the Republican must further polarize American society, and the consequences can be serious. Even with the end of his rule, racist movements are likely to remain strong.

Friday, January 19, 2018

The 1st year of the Trump government told by Twitter

"Senate Democrats have confirmed only 48 of the 197 presidential nominations. They can not win then all they do is slow things down and obstruct! "" Eventually, but at a late date, so we can start early, Mexico will somehow pay for the much-needed border wall. "   
However, Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto has denied that he will take any penny from his country to bear the cost. In October, workers began building prototypes of the wall between the two countries.   
One of the most controversial and criticized decisions of the Trump government was the sudden departure of FBI director James Comey on May 9. After firing him, the tycoon stated several times that he was not being investigated in the process on Russia interference in the elections.   
Trump made a mistake and posted on his account that was, yes, being investigated. "I am being investigated for firing the FBI director by the man who told me to fire the FBI director! Witch Hunt. "After several criticisms by the press of his behavior and behavior on social networks, Trump made a point of publishing a tweet to say what he thinks about his habit.   
"My use of social media is not presidential - it's the PRESIDENTIAL OF MODERN TIMES. Make America Big Again! "In addition, he took the opportunity to make fun of a typo that became famous:" Covfefe ". Trump unwittingly sent a badly typed tweet and the rebound was immediate even though it was deleted.   
"Who can guess the real meaning of" cofever "??? Have fun! "During this year, Trump also remained silent on the expansion of North Korea's intercontinental missile tests and the threats of dictator Kim Jong-il. In April, he went on to say that the country "was looking for trouble".   
"North Korea is looking for trouble. If China decides to help, it would be great. If not, we will solve the problem without them! USA, "he wrote. Although South Korea's President Moon Jae-in has come up with a more approach to dialogue with the North Koreans, Trump calls for economic and military sanctions." North Korea has just launched another missile. Does not this guy have anything better to do with his life? "He tweeted.   
The president of the United States even commented that the Chinese government's efforts to persuade North Korea to change course regarding its nuclear and missile program had little effect. In the message, Trump still referred to the North Korean leader, Kim Jong Un, as "Little Man of the Rocket".   
"The Chinese envoy, who has just returned from North Korea, seems to have had no impact on the Rocket Man," he wrote. Concerning the violent clashes during a white supremacist march in Charlottesville, Virginia, Donald Trump condemned all actions that represent hatred and called for the union of the Americans in a "vague" tweet.   
"We must all be united and condemn everything that represents hatred. There is no place for such violence in the United States. Let's unite as one, "he wrote. One of the Republican's most controversial latest posts was the sharing of three anti-Muslim videos that were originally posted by a leader of a British right-wing party. British Prime Minister Theresa May has repudiated the US president's attitude. One of the videos shows what would be a group of Islamic militants killing a man. The other shows an alleged Muslim immigrant beating a Dutch boy on crutches. The third video shows a man who would be a Muslim destroying an image of Our Lady. In 2017, the tyrannical use of tweets by the tycoon was an issue that gained importance, mainly due to controversy that tech giants such as Facebook, Google and Twitter became involved during the year for the supposed involvement in the Russian ad purchase operation to spread disinformation among the voters in trying to influence the presidential election of the United States.

Second Week of Congressional Hearings Increases Pressure on Trump US President Donald Trump faces the threat of further testimony that ...